Disaster mitigation measures are those that eliminate or reduce the impacts and risks of hazards through proactive measures taken before an emergency or disaster occurs.

The entire exercise comes as a part of high priority to disaster mitigation through cutting edge research and training on disasters, vulnerability and their mitigation, that provides solutions of reducing disaster risks and also suggest better preparedness.

Structural and non-structural measures undertaken to limit the adverse impact of natural hazards; for example, planting mangroves to reduce the risk posed by tidal surges or raising awareness of natural hazards through school-based education projects.

The Indian subcontinent has a highly diversified range of natural features. The Himalayas, which are the young fold mountain and where the phenomena of stress release is very common together with the uncertain monsoon winds make the region highly prone to natural disasters. The regions being the most populous in the world further add to the damage caused by the natural disasters.